Careers in Medicine

The scope of careers in healthcare is broad. Not all healthcare careers involve direct patient care, but can span careers such as public relations, human resources and computer technology.

50 Highest paying medical fields

Medicine Requirements

  1. Discuss with your counselor the influence that EIGHT of the following people had on the history of medicine:
  • Hippocrates
  • William Harvey
  • Antonie van Leewenhoek
  • Edward Jenner
  • Florence Nightingale
  • Louis Pasteur
  • Gregor Mendel
  • Joseph Lister
  • Robert Koch
  • Daniel Hale Williams
  • Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen
  • Marie and Pierre Curie
  • Walter Reed
  • Karl Landsteiner
  • Alexander Fleming
  • Charles Richard Drew
  • Helen Taussig
  • James Watson and Francis Crick
  • Jonas Salk
  • Marie Curie
  1. Explain the Hippocratic Oath to your counselor, and compare the original version to a more modern one. Discuss to whom those subscribing to the original version of the oath owe the greatest allegiance.

Discuss the health-care provider–patient relationship with your counselor, and the importance of such a relationship in the delivery of quality care to the patient. Describe the role of confidentiality in this relationship.

Do the following: a. Describe the roles the following people play in the de

livery of health care in Shanghai.

(1)  Allopathic physician

(2)  Chiropractor

(3)  Emergency medical technician

(4)  Licensed practical/vocational nurse

(5)  Medical assistant

(6)  Medical laboratory technologist

(7)  Nurse-midwife

(8)  Nurse practitioner

(9)  Occupational therapist

(10)  Optometrist

(11)  Osteopathic physician

(12)  Pharmacist

(13)  Physical therapist

(14)  Physician assistant

(15)  Podiatrist

(16)  Psychologist


(17)  Radiologic technologist

(18)  Registered nurse

(19)  Respiratory therapist

3). Describe the educational and licensing requirements for FIVE of those in 4a—other than 4a(1)—practicing health care in your state. Tell what is meant by the term “primary care” with regard to a medical specialty. Brie y describe the types of work done by physicians in the following “core” specialties:

(1)  Internal medicine*

(2)  Family medicine*

(3)  Obstetrics/gynecology*

4). Briefly describe the types of work performed by physicians in FIVE of the following specialties or subspecialties:

(1)  Allergy/immunology

(2)  Anesthesiology

(3)  Cardiology

(4)  Colon and rectal surgery

(5)  Dermatology

(6)  Emergency medicine

(7)  Endocrinology

(8)  Gastroenterology

(9)  Geriatric medicine

(10)  Hematology/oncology

(11)  Infectious disease

(12)  Nephrology

(13)  Neurosurgery

(14)  Neurology

(15)  Nuclear medicine

(16)  Ophthalmology

(17)  Orthopedic surgery

(18)  Otolaryngology/head and neck surgery

(19)  Pathology

(20)  Physical medicine and rehabilitation

(21)  Plastic, reconstructive, and maxillofacial surgery

(22)  Preventive medicine

(23)  Radiology

(24)  Rheumatology

(25)  Thoracic/cardiothoracic surgery

(26)  Urology

(27)  Vascular surgery

(28) Pediatrics*

(29) Psychiatry

(3o) Surgery

  1. Describe the additional educational requirements for these specialties.
  2. Describe the additional educational requirements for the FIVE specialties or subspecialties you chose in 6a.
  3. a. components of a medical history and physical examination and become familiar with the instruments used.

4). Describe the characteristics of a good diagnostic test to screen for disease (e.g., routine blood pressure measurement).

5). Explain briefly why diagnostic tests are not “perfect.”

6). Explain how to take a blood pressure and a pulse reading.

7). Do one of the following: Discuss the roles medical societies, employers, the insurance industry, and the government plays in influencing the practice of medicine in the United States.

  • Discuss with your counselor the health-care delivery systems in the United States, Sweden, and China.
  • Serve as a volunteer at a health-related event or facility in your community (e.g., blood drive, “health fair,” blood pressure screening, etc.) approved by your counselor.